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|President of Poland|
|In office||19 July 1989 - 22 December 1990|
|Prime Minister||Mieczysaw Rakowski Czesaw Kiszczak Tadeusz Mazowiecki|
|Preceded by||Office restored|
|Succeeded by||Lech Waesa|
|First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party|
|In office||18 October 1981 - 29 July 1989|
|Prime Minister||Himself Zbigniew Messner Mieczysaw Rakowski|
|Preceded by||Stanisaw Kania|
|Succeeded by||Mieczysaw Rakowski|
|Born||Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski ( 1923-07-06 ) 6 July 1923 Kurow , Poland|
|Died||25 May 2014 (2014-05-25) (aged 91) Warsaw , Poland|
|Resting place||Powazki Military Cemetery|
|Political party||Polish Workers' Party (1944-1948) Polish United Workers' Party (1948-1990) Independent (1990-2014)|
|Spouse(s)||Barbara Jaruzelska ( m. 1961)|
|Allegiance||Polish People's Republic Poland|
|Branch/service||Polish People's Army Polish Armed Forces|
|Years of service||1943-1991|
|Rank||Marshal of Poland|
|Battles/wars||World War II Battle of Berlin|
Wojciech Jaruzelski was born in Kurow near Pulawy in Lublin province on July 6 1923. Three days later, Polish troops discharged at demonstrators inhabiting Wujek coal mine shafts in southwestern Poland, eliminating 9 employees.
Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski was born on July 6 1923, on a big farming estate in eastern Poland near Lublin, where his dad was supervisor.
General Jaruzelski was chosen to the Polish Parliament in 1961 and was named minister of protection in 1968. Three years later on, when workers once again showed in objections that paved the way for the surge of Solidarity, General Jaruzelski bucked event hard-liners by declaring, Polish soldiers would not discharge on Polish workers.
On Feb. 11, 1981, General Jaruzelski was named head of state as Mr. Kania took out, stating of his successor, Now, as black clouds hang over Poland, he is the most effective male to whom a helm could be provided.
It was just in the late 1960s and early 1970s that Jaruzelski started to emerge as a political individuality. From these episodes comes perhaps apocryphal tale that he informed his Politburo associates: Polish soldiers will not fire on Polish employees.
The birth of the Solidarity trade union in August 1980 offered one of the most essential obstacle to Communist rule in Poland's cycle of political dilemmas. The fragmentation of PUWP authority and Soviet pressure for definitive resolution of the situation propelled Jaruzelski and the armed forces to the fore of Polish politics. In August, Tadeusz Mazowiecki came to be Poland's first non-Communist prime minister since World War II, stimulating an East European transformation that brushed up apart nearly half-century of Communist rule in the region.
In the early 1990s, Jaruzelski composed a book labelled Martial Law. Though he came to be Polish Communist event leader, Jaruzelski was not able to boast working-class beginnings. Jaruzelski never ever talked about the effect of his wartime experiences on his perspective in the direction of the Soviet Union. Quickly after food riots had been taken down, Jaruzelski declared he would never again utilize the Polish military against fellow Poles in case of a strike-an assurance he betrayed 11 years later with the statement of martial legislation.
During the 1985 Communist party congress, Jaruzelski tipped down as head of state and assumed the state presidency.
EXISTS and concern can have unusual impact on people. 3 days later on, Polish soldiers discharged at strikers inhabiting Wujek coal mine shafts in southwestern Poland, killing nine employees.
Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski was born on July 6 1923, on a huge agricultural estate in eastern Poland near Lublin, where his dad was manager. On Sept. 1 1939, when German forces got into Poland and World War II began, Wojciech and his family members joined thousands of thousands of others that took off to the eastern, and discovered work as farm workers in Lithuania. Three years later, when workers once more demonstrated in demonstrations that paved the way for the surge of Solidarity, General Jaruzelski threw event hard-liners by declaring, Polish soldiers would not fire on Polish employees.
Living quietly in retirement from completion of 1990, Jaruzelski strove for the remainder of his life to encourage the world he had never ever been much less than a Polish patriot, and that from 1989 he took down the device of communist policy, establishing Poland securely on the course to democracy and a free enterprise.
Though he became Polish Communist celebration leader, Jaruzelski was not able to boast working-class beginnings. In the very early 1960s, Jaruzelski was made replacement defence minister and at the same time elected to the central board of the Polish United Workers' celebration. Soon after food troubles had been taken down, Jaruzelski proclaimed he would never once more make use of the Polish army against fellow Poles in the occasion of a strike-a pledge he betrayed 11 years later with the declaration of martial regulation.
Wojciech Jaruzelski matured pious and patriotic, in a minor refined family members in rural pre-war Poland. Youthful Jaruzelski welcomed the new creed totally, searching down anti-communist resistance competitors. He asserted he had opposed the operation-and promised that he would never ever once again allow the army to be made use of against Polish civilians. Yet the genuine target was communism itself: People's Poland was an employees' state that made it through only by eliminating trade unionists; where the proletariat hated their tribunes, while admiring the Catholic church.
Poland in the Jaruzelski years was not full dictatorship. General attempted some economic reforms, declaring to be the first communist leader to find Mikhail Gorbachev's value. The talks and totally free elections which complied with were defining moments in the collapse of Soviet power in Europe: bringing flexibility not only to Poles but to many numerous others.
"Wojciech Jaruzelski na Litwie i Syberii (Biblioteka "Nowego Kuriera") (Polish Edition)" by Zenowiusz Ponarski
"Wojciech Jaruzelski (World leaders past & present)" by Lynn Berry
"General Polonais: Edward Rydz- MIG Y, Wojciech Jaruzelski, Andrzej Tomasz Ubie Ski, Julian Sierawski, Lucjan Eligowski, Stanislaw Maczek" by Source Wikipedia
""Wojciech Jaruzelski tego nigdy nie powie": Mówi były szef wywiadu i kontrwywiadu, pierwszy zastępca ministra spraw wewnętrznych generał dywyzji Władysław Pożoga (Polish Edition)" by ły szef wywiadu i kontrwywiadu, pierwszy zastępca ministra spraw wewnętrznych generał dywyzji Władysław Pożoga (Polish Edition) Polish Edition
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